M. Elizabeth Carnegie (1916 – 2008)


Inspiration for Activism!

  •  Tireless commitment to the advancement of the nursing profession and the advancement of Black and other minority nurses.

    CREDIT: Howard University photo CAPTION: Dr. M. Elizabeth Carnegie.

  • First Black nurse to serve on a board of a state nursing association (Florida State Nurses Association).
  • Founded the four-year nursing program at Hampton University in 1943, and then from 1945 to 1953, she was dean of Florida A&M University’s School of Nursing (both historically Black Universities).
  • Took personal stands against discrimination early in her career — refused to ride in the freight elevator at Florida State Nursing meetings; insisted on being addressed by her title (as were all White nurses) at a time when Black nurses were only addressed as “Nurse” (not as “Miss Carnegie” or any other title).
  • Longtime member of the American Association for the History of Nursing; unfailingly alerted members to the contributions of African American nurses on any topic under discussion.
  • Author of three editions of “The Path We Tread: Blacks in Nursing Worldwide, 1854-1994.”
  • On the Editorial Staff of the American Journal of Nursing from 1953-1978.
  • Editor of Nursing Research from 1973-1978.
  • During the 30 years after her retirement in 1978, she remained active as a consultant, author, visiting professor and advocate for African American and other minority nurses.

More information here and here and here

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